What I Need To Know Before & After My Surgery?

Our Operating Facilities

Our hospital has made special efforts to develop the Operating Room (OR) keeping in view the needs of patients. The OR is comprehensively equipped.

Your Role

Everyone has a role in making your surgical procedure safe; the physicians, healthcare executives, nurses, technicians, and you the patient. You play a vital role in making your surgery safe and successful.


You will be asked to sign an informed consent form which verifies that you and your doctor have discussed the surgery that is to be performed and the risk associated with the surgery.

What Do I Need To Know Before Surgery?

A routine pre-operative assessment which includes Medical & Surgical History, Laboratory Tests, Diagnostic Procedures, will be done to ensure that you are in a suitable condition for anesthesia and surgery.

Kindly inform your doctor the following:

  • Medical History e.g. Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Asthma, Allergies, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (snoring), etc. Surgical History e.g. Lower segment caesarian section, Cataract, Implants, etc.

  • Medication History e.g. over the counter/herbal/nutritional products that you may be consuming such as medication may affect the surgery and response to anesthesia.

  • Diagnostic Testing will be done based on age, gender and medical History.

  • Laboratory Studies may be ordered as indicated by your condition or medication.


There are generally 3 different types of anesthesia: Local Anesthesia (LA), Regional Anesthesia (RA) & General Anesthesia (GA). The type of anesthesia will depend upon the procedure and your medical condition.

Do I Need To Fast?

You may be required to fast 8 hours prior to your surgery and according to the nature of your surgery. Fasting is very important to prevent nausea, vomiting, risk of regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration.

Bowel Preparation

Enema to clear the colon may be ordered if necessary especially in abdominal surgery.

General Information:

  • It is important that you arrive at the hospital well before the scheduled time of surgery, this allows time for paper work and any last minute details can be managed.
  • If you have any laboratory/diagnostic results kindly bring them on admission.
  • Remove all jeweler, dentures, contact lenses, nail polish and makeup. The skin and nails provide important signs of blood circulation.
  • Kindly be reminded not to apply lotion, perfumes or powders to the skin before surgery as it may interfere with monitoring equipment.
  • It is a good idea to leave any valuables such as jeweler at home.

What Do I Need To Know After The Surgery?

After surgery your vital signs will be monitored frequently to ensure you are safe and in a stable condition.

Will I Have Pain?

Every effort is directed to making you feel comfortable; however there may be some pain. Medication will be given when pain arises and pain will be controlled.

What Are All These Tubes Coming Out Of Me?

IV line may be inserted to deliver medication and fluid intravenously. Nasogastric tube may be required to decompress the stomach depending on the nature of the surgery.

A urinary catheter may be required to monitor kidney functions and hydrational status.

Activities To Perform Post Surgery

  • Deep Breathing Exercises (DBE) and leg exercises are very important.
  • Lying flat in bed for long periods of time can cause fluid to accumulate in the lungs and blood clots to form in the lower extremities.
  • DBE increase circulation and promote elimination of anesthesia.
  • Early leg exercises and ambulation decrease the risk of blood clots.

When Can I Go Home?

Once you have achieved good outcomes after the surgical procedure which include recovery without complications and gained optimum health your doctor may consider discharging you.

When you are discharged contact your doctor immediately if:

  • You have severe pain unrelieved by medication.
  • You develop fever 38° C or more.
  • You have bleeding /discharge from your incision.